The world, especially countries like India and China, has been witnessing a rapidly growing population for a decade. In such a scenario, the world needs a significant approach to produce foods to sustain adverse conditions in the near future.
With the rise of the need for food, people always turn towards an easy way to higher yields. Such farming practices not only result in side effects but also adds to global issues as well.
Unwanted Climatic Changes, Natural Resources Pollution, and Soil Erosion are few such adverse results of unsustainable farming practices.
As a result, the whole world is turning towards the old organic farming practices to mitigate such disasters.
A recent survey concluded that more than 2% of the total agricultural land has completely turned to organic farming. Therefore, producing chemical-free crops without any global issues and retaining the original values.
What turns a farm organic?
Organic farming practice is the actual procedure of farming that works in harmony with natural values. It doesn’t include any kind of synthetic fertilizers like pesticides or GMOs that fastens the growth. Well, such a procedure needs a whole different process to fight diseases, weeds and grow the food as required.
In the end, organic farming practices work to retain the wholly natural and healthy composition of the crop. They improve the soil quality, build a strong foundation for both the agriculture system and ultimately lives.
What makes organic farming unique and beneficial?
Being a completely natural and sustainable farming approach, organic farming works with specific unique values. By implementing an utterly organic farming practice, one needs to work together with nature.
Unlike a conventional farming approach, organic farming aims at creating an environment-friendly, economic, and social-friendly food production system.
The best thing about the organic farming practices is it is based on managing the ecosystem without adding any synthetic additives. But it doesn’t mean that innovations are not possible in this farming process. Traditional farming practices can work even more effectively with the combination of the science of innovations.
Principles of Organic Farming
Some basic principles of organic farming practices which everyone should work with includes
- Organic farming intends to protect and enhance the health of every microorganism, including ones in soil and humans.
- It tends to both protect and benefit the environment
- To provide socially and ecologically safe management over natural resources to get a sufficient supply of high-quality food
- Environment-friendly precautions and responsibility towards nature
Some Effective and Natural Farming Practices
Here are some practices using which farmers manage their crop production in a completely organic way
- Crop Rotation (Focused on soil fertility and crop protection)
- Nutrient Management (Focused on enhancing the organic matter of soil)
- Growing cover crops (Focused on controlling pests to improve nutrient content)
- Choosing resistant varieties of crops and respective adaptation
- Using natural predators to control pests
- Weeding (Pest and weed management practice)
- Anaerobic soil disinfestation to eliminate pest born for soil
- Spacing between the crops
- Traditional soil cultivation
- Organic recycling process
- Use of renewable resources
When implemented properly, organic farming practices can turn out to be more economical and healthier at a time. This is the reason over 2.3 million certified farms are using organic farming practices for their living.